Ovarian cysts usually appear in younger women, on one ovary or on both ovaries, but they can appear after the menopause as well. It is known that most of the cysts are benign, and have a low risk to turn into cancer. Although in the past the solution was surgery to remove the cyst, nowadays, in most of the cases monitoring of the cyst, using ultrasound scan and blood tests is possible.
It is known that the CA125 protein which can be found normally in the blood has an increased level in women with ovarian cancer. That’s why, the doctors may want to measure the level of CA125 in the blood if it is suspected a woman has ovarian cancer. But, it was seen that the level of CA125 can rise because of other factors too, like inflammation of the liver, pregnancy, pelvic or abdominal infection, and endometriosis.
When treating women past their menopause who have ovarian cysts, doctors are advised to monitor these women using the ultrasound scan and the CA125 test. However, this can vary, depending on the size of the cysts, what they look like on a scan and how they behave over time.
It is known that if there are present small cysts on one ovary, more than half of these cysts will disappear on their own in about 3 months. It is recommended that at 4 months after the cysts disappeared an ultrasound scan to be performed.
The peritoneum is a sheet of body tissue that lines the inside of the abdomen. It helps to protect the contents of the abdomen, and also produces a lubricating fluid that helps the organs to move smoothly inside the abdomen as we move around. When there appears a cancer of this tissue, we say we are dealing with primary peritoneal carcinoma.
It was seen that the primary peritoneal cancer behaves like the epithelial cancer, the most common type of ovarian cancer, that’s why, the treatment is very similar.
Especially when this disease is in its early stages, the symptoms are vague and hard to spot, and many of the symptoms are very similar to other conditions, which are much more common. It is important to know that this type of cancer can appear even if the ovaries were removed.
It is necessary for every woman to go periodically to the doctor and do tests, because in early stages of the disease the treatment is more effective.
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